Occultism had come into existence since the ancient times. In this post, I shall discuss about the different forms of occultism and how each one of them are against the letter and spirit of Islam.
This refers to the practice of attempting to predict the future or finding out the unknown through oracles and supernatural powers. This form of occultism includes augury, geomancy, runes, numerology, palm reading, psychometry, crystal balls, tarot, dowsing, zodiac charts; I Ching and horoscopes. Now let us see what Islam has to say about al these practices.
Narrated by Qabisah: “I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: ‘Augury from the flight of birds, taking evil omens and the practice of pressomancy pertain to divination. Tarq: It is used in the sense of divination in which womenfolk threw stones. Iyafah: It means geomancy by drawing lines. (Abu Dawood, Book 23, hadith: 3898)
Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Abbas: The Prophet (pbuh) said: ‘If anyone acquires any knowledge of astrology, he acquires a branch of magic of which he gets more as long as he continues to do so.” Abu Dawood, Book 23 Hadith:3896
‘Whoever goes to a fortune teller or soothsayer and believes in him then he has disbelieved in what has been revealed to Mohammad.” (Musnad Ahmed)
‘With Him are the keys to the unseen and none knows it except Him”. (tmq-6:59)
‘Say: None in the heavens or the earth knows the unseen except Allah”. (6:65)
Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said, “The Salaah (daily prayer) of whoever approaches a fortune- teller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and night.” (Reported by Hafsah and collected by Sahih Muslim)
Hazrat Ayesha (ra) said: ‘Some people asked Allah’s Apostle (pbuh) about soothsayers. He said unto them: “They are nothing”. The people said, ‘Oh Messenger of Allah! Sometimes they tell us something which turns out to be true. He replied, ‘A jinn snatches that true word and pours it into the ears of his friend (the fore-teller) as one puts something into a bottle. The foreteller then mixes it with one hundred lies’. (Bukhari- Book:7, Volume: 71:: Hadith: 657)
Al Bukhari narrated from Abu Hurairah (ra) that the Prophet (pbuh) said, ‘When Allah decrees a matter in heaven, the angels beat their wings in submission to His words, thereby making a sound like a chain striking a rock. When the fear is banished from their hearts, they say, “What is it that your Lord has said? They say: The truth! And He is the Most High, the Most Great. Then the one who is eavesdropping hears that, and those who are eavesdropping are standing one above the other’. Sufyan- one of the narrators, demonstrated by his hand, holding it vertically with the fingers outspread. “So he overhears what is said and passes it on to the one below him and that one passes it to the one who is below him, and this goes on and on until it reaches the lips of the fortune-teller. Often a meteor hits him before he passes any information on or else he may be able to pass it on before he gets hit. He tells many lies alongside it, but it said, ‘Did he not tell us that on such and such a day, such and such would occur? So they believe him because of the one true thing which was overheard from heaven, i.e., he is believed because of the one true word that was overheard from heaven and passed on to the fortune teller by the jinnat’.
In this form of occultism the black magic practitioners try manipulate the free will of others and to control the present through charms, spells and rituals. It includes Voodoo, Wicca, witchcraft, white and black magic, sorcery, Satanism and black mass and psychic healing.
About this form of occultism Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said:
Avoid the Muqibat, i.e. shirk and witchcraft’. (Narrated by Abu Hurrairah-Sahih Bukhari transmitted it).
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran:
“And indeed they knew that the buyers of magic would have no share in the hereafter’. (2:102)
“They believe in Al-Jibt and At-Taghut (all false deities)’. (4:51)
Hazrat Umar Bin-Al-Khattab (ra) has reportedly explained that Al-Jibt refers to sorcery.
According to Jabir (ra) At-Taghut refers to the soothsayers upon whom the devils alight.Jundub (ra) narrated the following Marfu hadith: ‘The punishment for the sorcerers is that they should be struck with the sword (executed)" (At-Tirmidhi)
Narrated Bajalah bin `Abadah (ra): ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra) wrote: ‘Execute every sorcerer or sorceress”. Bajalah stated: ‘We executed three sorcerors”. (sahih Bukhari)
Narrated Abu Hurairah (ra) that Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said: ‘Avoid Mubiqat , i.e. shirk and witchcraft." ( Sahih Bukhari)
This form of occultism involves attempts to communicate with the souls of the dead for receiving information from them or for seeking help from them. It involves necromancy, séances, reiki, channeling, ouija boards, Shamanism etc.
As far as necromancy is concerned, it is a kind of black magic. In these types of practices, the black magic/witchcraft practitioner tries to invoke and control the souls of the dead people through various means such as by using weird symbols/words which are against the principles of Islam. I have discussed about this practice in my earlier blog: remove voodoo spells Just like idol-worship and many other weird rituals rampant during the Jahiliyyah period- occult sciences such as astrology, divination, witchcraft, palm reading etc were prevalent during that period. At that time Arabia was a pagan society which in which idol worship, superstitions, black magic etc were quite rampant. Though the pre-Islamic Arab society believed in one God yet they worshipped many other deities whom they considered to be intermediaries between them and the God. They offered sacrifices of animals, food; money and in some cases, even of human beings to appease their intermediary deities. They used to seek help from soothsayers and they believed in omens and portents.
Unfortunately, even in the present times, these pre-Islamic vices have not been crushed and they continue to exist and flourish. Now it is up to us whether we wish to keep a safe distance from these malpractices and get a share in the hereafter.
Keep Me In Your Prayers,